China's PV industry is welcoming real warm currents during the harsh winter season

One day, three companies in three cities ran. Ma Kai’s Jiangsu research was a non-stop, and on December 6 he ran three cities. At 8 o'clock in the morning, he appeared in Zhongneng Silicon, a subsidiary of Poly GCL in Xuzhou, which is the largest polysilicon production base in the country. An hour later, I came to GCL's photovoltaic power station. "In this investigation, Ma Kai and his party did not go into the conference room and walked all the way. He was very concerned about raw materials and was very familiar with the price." A vice president of Zhongneng Silicon Industry revealed to the newspaper that he accompanied Ma Kai and his entourage. Can Silicon and Poly GCL. “Ma Kai has been interacting with us. For the problems we have reflected, he immediately asked the relevant functional department leaders about the situation and discussed the solution.” At 3:30 in the afternoon, Ma Kai and his entourage came to Changzhou to inspect Trina Solar Limited and visited After the ingot, silicon wafer and battery workshop, after listening to the report of the company's chairman Gao Jifan, they went straight to Wuxi and came to Suntech. “How is the localization of these production lines?” In the Suntech battery workshop, Ma Kai asked that Shangde’s head, Shi Zhengrong, replied that Suntech’s equipment has been localized to 60%. Ma Kai also learned in detail the details of the battery plant production process, and even asked what materials are used in the components. “Why does the photovoltaic industry have such a serious crisis?” Ma Kai throws this question to Shi Zhengrong. Shi replied that the main reason is that the investment in the past few years has been overheated, and the country has been engaged in photovoltaic industry parks, resulting in temporary overcapacity and vicious competition among enterprises. The price plummeted, corporate profits fell sharply and even lost money. The bank lost confidence, pumped loans and mortgages, and quickly adjusted a strongly supported industry to a high-risk and high-risk industry. “After Shi Zhengrong’s comments, Ma Kai nodded and agreed, and asked Shi Zhengrong what advice he had for the photovoltaic industry to get out of the predicament. He also asked about some operational details in the bank loan.” One person present recalled. On the morning of December 7, Ma Kai and his party held a symposium on photovoltaic industry development at Wuxi Hubin Hotel, accompanied by the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Commerce, the State Grid, the China Banking Regulatory Commission and other relevant ministries and commissions, and Li Yunfeng, executive vice governor of Jiangsu Province. The heads of photovoltaic companies such as Suntech, GCL, Trina Solar, Saiwei, Artes, and Yingli attended the meeting. At the beginning of the meeting, Ma Kai openedly stated that the Ministry of Development and Reform Commission and other ministries had spent half a year researching the photovoltaic industry. With a draft policy supporting the photovoltaic industry, please directly propose amendments and improvements to the draft. "I have read your speech last night. We don't read the manuscript today." He greeted the participants. The symposium opened almost four hours without interruption, with only 10 minutes of rest in the middle. At the meeting, after the NDRC officials read out the draft policy, everyone rushed to speak and the atmosphere was warm. "The whole meeting, Ma Kai did not speak much, he just throws a topic and guides everyone to discuss." A participant told this reporter. "Banks must support PV backbone enterprises." When Ma Kai came to Jiangsu, it was the critical period of the photovoltaic industry. Since the fourth quarter of last year, the already prosperous Chinese PV industry has turned sharply: the United States and the European Union have raised "double opposition" to Chinese PV companies. The domestic market is oversupply, and the leading enterprises in Jiangxi Saiwei and Wuxi Suntech are losing money and carrying huge debts. ,The verge of bankruptcy. Jiangsu is the world's largest photovoltaic manufacturing center, which concentrates 60% of domestic PV production capacity, two-thirds of PV enterprise credit, and 72 of the 75 companies involved in the US PV product innovation are in Jiangsu, Jiangsu. Become the first place in the PV crisis. However, in the first four months of this year, Jiangsu's PV battery exports fell by 39.2% year-on-year, and PV products have fallen by nearly 50% since last year. The crisis has not yet bottomed out. In the process of Ma Kai's investigation, people in the photovoltaic industry have expressed their feelings and reflect the current difficulties. Zhu Lishan, chairman of GCL-Poly, appealed at the symposium on December 7 that the bank is currently adopting a credit compression policy for the photovoltaic industry. The interest rate is superimposed when lending to loans, making it difficult for PV companies to borrow and raising financing costs. Now that the year is approaching, a large number of bank loans will expire at the end of the year, and financing issues are imminent. Yinglian Group Chairman Miao Liansheng also reported that Yingli’s shipments this year were 2GW, and orders for next year have also been filled, but the company has no funds to organize production. Shi Zhengrong called on banks to help photovoltaic enterprises in times of crisis, and they could not stop all loans across the board. He also suggested that the government introduce relevant financial policies. "To these voices, Ma Kai made it clear during the discussion that the bank must support the backbone enterprises, leading enterprises and outstanding enterprises in the photovoltaic industry. For example, Suntech has technology, scale and brand, and there are 400 companies in the supply chain. Ma Kai also said that this meeting is to implement the spirit of the State Council's many instructions for the photovoltaic industry. According to the opinions of the meeting, a guidance should be issued. In order to facilitate the actual operation, several supporting documents need to be issued. . "Can spring be far behind ?" "Winter is coming, will spring be far behind?" According to one participant, at the symposium on December 7, Ma Kai cites the phrase of the English poet Shelley to encourage everyone. . He said: Photovoltaic is a sunrise industry, a new type of industry, and China's advantageous industry. Europe and the United States are against China because China is a strong opponent; the current difficulties and crises in the photovoltaic industry are temporary. Ma Kai stressed that we must firmly strengthen the determination and confidence to promote the development of the photovoltaic industry. The strategic decision of the central government to develop photovoltaics has not changed and must be implemented and cannot be shaken. Ma Kai’s words made the PV industry people see hope. "The most important thing now is to truly implement the policy of supporting the development of the photovoltaic industry." A person in charge of the photovoltaic company who participated in the discussion with Ma Kai did not say that he was dissatisfied with the status quo of the implementation of the photovoltaic industry policy. For example, in 2009, the state introduced relevant policies for the development of the photovoltaic terminal market, but in a few years, the situation of the terminal market has not been optimistic. The power generation of large-scale photovoltaic power plants in the west cannot be fully integrated into the power grid for a long time. The renewable energy subsidy price cannot be paid on time. The power station developers and contractors mainly relying on local state-owned enterprises and central enterprises have no income, and in turn they are in arrears with private enterprises. The payment from the component suppliers has made the PV manufacturing enterprises generally have a problem that it is difficult to withdraw huge accounts receivable. "On the one hand, the bank is collecting loans, and on the other hand, it is hard to produce things that can't get back money. How can companies not get into trouble?" The above-mentioned business people asked. The person in charge believes that in the entire PV industry chain, manufacturing is the link with the largest investment, the most employment, and the strongest innovation capability. It is also the link that the country really needs to save. The country currently gives 1 yuan of on-grid electricity price for photovoltaic power generation. Space, but not shared by component vendors. He is worried that even if the domestic market is done, most of the dividends may flow into the power station operators and developers, and the manufacturing industry is still unprofitable. Some public data show that this concern is not unfounded: in the second half of this year, the sales price of PV modules has fallen below the industry average cost price. For example, in the 150MW photovoltaic power station project of China Power Investment Co., Ltd., which was opened in August, the average price of 14 components for bidding enterprises is 4.5 yuan/watt. During the same period, the Three Gorges 20MW photovoltaic power station project was opened, and the average price of the components of 20 bidding companies was 4.43 yuan / watt. Since the bidding for domestic projects has adopted the method of winning the lowest bid, the final bid price of these two projects is 4.42 and 4.1 yuan respectively. The photovoltaic industry believes that the current average cash cost of component products in the photovoltaic industry is about 4.2 yuan / watt, not counting operating costs, financial costs and so on. Therefore, the actual component cost price is higher than the bidding price. "Do not solve the problem of price inversion, the start of the domestic market can only make the more losses of the company's shipments." And the domestic PV module production capacity is seriously over-represented, the vicious competition between enterprises is mutually pressing, and it is considered by many PV industry insiders to cause the price. The main reason for the upside down has led to a sharp decline in the performance of Chinese PV companies listed in the US. In the third quarter of this year, the financial report showed that the shipments of Suntech, Yingli, Trina Solar, and Artes's leading companies in the third quarter of this year decreased by 21%, 5%, 3% and 8% respectively, while operating income was The year-on-year decline was 52%, 47.46%, 38% and 35%, respectively, which was much higher than the shipments. This also led to the third quarter of this year, Suntech, Yingli, Trina Solar and Artes' gross profit margin were only 5%, -22.7%, 0.8% and 2.2%. "The price war will continue to do so. All enterprises will die." A photovoltaic company CEO who participated in the Makai Symposium called for the PV industry to actively carry out mergers and acquisitions, to achieve a balance between supply and demand and avoid vicious competition.

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